Monitoring ecological consequences of efforts to restore landscape-scale connectivity
International Congress for Conservation Biology. In African tropical forests, most studies have been documenting separately wildlife abundance, offtake and consumption of bushmeat. In addition, most site-level assessments were so far implemented using different methodologies, thus limiting the potential for meta-analysis at inter-site level. Yet, measuring concurrently spatial patterns of wildlife occurrence and hunting activities at different sites along gradients of human pressure land conversion, human density may provide a useful basis to identify indicators of non-sustainability of hunting, and to help predict temporal trends at site level.
In this study, we implemented a standard protocol aiming at assessing bushmeat use and availability over 6 hunting grounds located in the Congo Basin Gabon, Congo, and Democratic Republic of Congo. For this purpose, we mapped the contours and the principal features of every hunting ground, and characterized the management rules, wildlife resources, hunting practices, offtakes and consumption.
As EMAN CO is not financially able to provide funding for monitoring and research, it must provide some other benefits for its partners in order to encourage participation in the network. EMAN CO does this through the development of products, services and programmes that aid in ecological monitoring and assessment.
Monitoring Ecological Change, 2nd edition
The development of protocols are done through consultation with scientists, researchers and experts related to the variable or indicator under study. EMAN CO offers three different protocol areas to meet the various goals and objectives of different monitoring activities:.
Focussing on internationally used and developing metadata and environmental data management standards, EMAN CO trains, presents information sessions, and hosts this emerging new way of sharing digital data. These include interactive maps, a solid search engine, and online trends. During the meeting, EMAN CO reports to the network the results of the past year and facilitates the discussion for coming year strategies.
Monitoring Ecological Change by Ian F. Spellerberg - vanupyfatuvy.tk
Partners have the opportunity to present and release their findings and some meetings have seen the launch of major environmental programmes such as the NatureWatch launch in Along with its role in the coordination of partnerships and in reporting to Environment Canada on its progress EMAN CO, is also responsible for informing the Canadian public on the status and trends of ecosystems. EMAN is mandated to provide reports on ecological change.
The detection of change involves the integration and review of data and findings from existing sites and analysis of that data in order to assess the broader implications for current ecosystem status. To report on change in a timely manner, EMAN seeks to detect, describe and report on ecological changes based on risk, probability and expert opinion rather than certainty.
This provides the feedback that allows science, management and policy to be adaptive. The CCMN is a new initiative to enable communities to define and manage local sustainability through effective community based monitoring practises.
By monitoring changes in the local ecosystem, partners of the CCMN can ensure that local policies and development trends are compatible with environmental values of the community. The network compiles and develops easy to use, inexpensive and scientifically valid methods protocols for monitoirng environmental trends in a community. By becoming a partner of the CCMN, your community can be provided with the tools and assistance needed to begin the process of community based monitoring annd inclusive decision-making. The Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network EMAN , in partnership with the Canadian Nature Federation CNF , has established a series of NatureWatch programmes that are designed to collect reliable information that can contribute to local, regional and national monitoring programmes.
The focus of NatureWatch is to encourage the cooperation of community partners in order to expand geographic coverage and augment the frequency of observations. At the same time communities gain solid information on local changes, which aids local decision-making. Though the monitoring protocols used by NatureWatch have been designed by scientific experts for validity and reliability, they are also laid out simply and available for use by people with varying degrees of monitoring experience.
Therefore monitoring project managers can expand the capacity of local monitoring information collection by engaging the broader community. Why was EMAN created? EMAN was established with the following four objectives: to provide a national perspective on how Canadian ecosystem are being affected by multitude of stresses on the environment; to provide scientifically defensible rationales for pollution control and resource management policies; to evaluate and report to Canadians on the effectiveness of resources management policies; and, to identify new environmental issues at the earliest possible stage.
Goals and Direction The main goal of the Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network EMAN is to improve understanding of ecosystem changes in Canada — what is changing and why by examining integrated data and knowledge sets. EMAN-North is: based on voluntary cooperation by partners; a collaboration of parties working in relative independence but sharing a common vision; operated with limited centralized control, direction, and financial resources; built, in large part, on existing programmes few new programmes have resulted ; and, focused on standardising approaches and sharing information.
Impacts of industrial development and climate change on northern ecosystems.
Growing interest in monitoring changes across circumpolar north. Land claims both completed and pending that include requirements for environmental monitoring.
Monitoring Ecological Change in the Northwoods
Continental Conservation Initiatives — cooperative management based on migratory bird conservation. Circumpolar Conservation Initiatives — obligations for conducting and reporting on northern ecological monitoring i. Ecosystem Initiatives EI , Conservation Initiatives and Ecological Science Cooperatives ESC These initiatives and cooperatives contribute to EMAN by: Mobilising the scientific community to address major policy and assessment needs; Providing a base for undertaking additional monitoring and research activities; Assisting, clarifying and validating the basis for the selection of ecological indicators; Encouraging participation of scientists, educators and their students, and the general public in ecological monitoring and assessment; Giving notice of unexpected changes in rates and trends, and thus providing timely inputs to management; and Communicating findings in forms useful for local, regional, national or international audiences.
Ecosystem Initiatives EIs EIs use the ecosystem approach to help prevent rather than react to threats such as poor air and water quality, population pressures, industrial impacts and loss of critical habitat.
Ecological Science Cooperative ESC — Boreal Lakes An ESC consists of a number of sites, whose primary focus is on for integrated environmental monitoring, experimentation and data recording, within the ecozone. Originally, the Study focused on the aquatic and terrestrial effects of acid rain, but now it includes research into the effects of other anthropogenic pollutants e. The ELA is primarily reserved for scientific research, thus logging, mining, and other development initiatives are tightly restricted.
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There is a broad range of research and monitoring activities that have been, and are presently being undertaken. Since then, the centre has grown in size and scope and investigates a wide variety of issues. The study area is comprised of a collection of lake basins located in south-central Ontario that have varying amounts of cottage development.
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Partnerships and Integrated Monitoring Sites As EMAN is essentially a network of partners and sites, the maintenance of these partnerships is of utmost importance. They include protocols developed by individual scientists or protocols which have been previously developed and recommended for inclusion by the BSB.